Nov 03 2009

The Future Of The Web: Where Will We Be In Five Years?

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We’re approaching the end of 2009, and many people are wondering what the future will bring. While no one can predict for sure what the Internet holds in its future, there are indicators and trends that can point us in the right direction.

A ton of technologies are ripe for further development in the coming few years. Social media and related apps are definitely going to be at the forefront of the Web for a long time. But plenty of other technologies are on the verge of becoming mainstream, either because of more social acceptance or because of advancements in hardware and applications. Read on for 15 predictions about the future of the Web.

1. Micro-Payments For Quality Content

Submitted on Twitter by @mikaelgramont and @simplybastow.

micropayments

Some companies are already making strides in the micro-payment arena. Many current systems accumulate a big number of micro-payments before paying out a single larger payment. But that may change in the future; you’ll be able to spend micro-payments as soon as you get them, rather than having to wait for them to add up.

Micro-payments will likely be popular among online magazines and news services, as well as other providers of in-depth content. Micro-payments might also be adopted by artists and content creators to defer costs and make a profit.

The most prevalent current micro-payment systems are within MMORPGs (massively multi-player online role-playing games). These systems use credits that are usually a fraction of a dollar to buy and sell things in the game. There are numerous cases of people actually earning a living through these systems.

micropayments

PayPal is already offering support for micro-payments at a rate of 5% plus $0.05 per transaction. Amazon is also experimenting with micro-payments through its Flexible Payments Service (FPS). Dedicated micro-payment systems are also starting to crop up.

Micro-payments of the future may be closely-related to mobile payment systems. Payment via cell phone opens up whole new area of economic opportunity, particularly in areas where cell phones are more prevalent than computers. Being able to make and receive very small payments, the equivalent of a dollar or less in many cases, via a mobile device paves the way for many in developing nations to participate in the Internet economy in a way that only a few years ago might not have been deemed possible.

Further Resources

iPhone, MySpace, Facebook Race to Micropayments in 2009
An article from TechCrunch about micro-payment options being worked on by some leaders in social media.

What Would Micropayments Do for Journalism? A Freakonomics Quorum
An article from the New York Times about the potential effects of micro-payments on journalism and news websites.

Can Micropayments Save Newspapers?
An article in the New York Times from The Opinionator about the potential of micro-payments to save newspapers.

The Case Against Micropayments
An article from O’Reilly Media on why micro-payments might not be the best idea.

2. Wider Monitors For More Horizontal-Scrolling Content

Submitted on Twitter by @wakeupstar.

mooweex

Monitors keep getting bigger. Only a few years ago, the iMac came with a 15-inch monitor. Now the smallest one you can get is 21.5 inches (and the largest is 27). Most new PCs, even at the low-end, come with at least a 17-inch monitor, and in many cases 19 or 20 is standard.

Size aside, virtually every new monitor on the market is widescreen. This means that even average computer users have a lot more screen real estate available. It only makes sense that websites will adapt and make more use of horizontal scrolling in future than vertical, especially websites that have multiple small blocks of content, rather than long stretches of text.

LoveBento

Horizontally-scrolling websites are already becoming popular. Some use JavaScript or Flash to simulate a wide layout, while others use plain old HTML and CSS. In any case, a horizontal layout makes a lot more sense for certain kinds of sites, especially portfolios, media galleries and websites that rely more heavily on multimedia than text.

Further Resources

The Horizontal Way
A showcase of horizontal-scrolling website designs.

Fifteen Web Sites Using Horizontal Scrolling
A round-up of great horizontal designs from Sitepoint.

27 Inspirational Horizontal Scrolling Websites
Another great roundup of horizontal designs from Dzine Blog.

How to Create a Horizontally Scrolling Site
A brief tutorial from CSS-Tricks on creating a website with horizontal scrolling.

3. Magazines In A More Interactive Format (Wiki, Digital Video, Etc.)

Submitted on Twitter by @tomforeman.

magazines

There’s some question as to whether the majority of print magazines will even be around in five years. Another magazine seems to close every week, often with little or no notice. And how can we be surprised? With mobile devices now fully capable of delivering great content while we’re on the go, what niches do magazines serve? A magazine used to be a good cheap read that we could pick up to check out the latest trends in one field or another, or quick portable entertainment while we’re on the go. But the mobile Web does all that and more.

magazine

Of course, that doesn’t mean we won’t have magazines in five years, just that the majority of them will be online, and they’ll have a lot more than just text content. Magazines will be infinitely more interactive, incorporating wikis, video and audio content, and in many cases their own social networks. Some print magazines are already preparing for the change and have websites that could very easily stand on their own. And a whole new breed of online magazines is appearing in a variety of formats. Some hold on to the page-flipping print format (except digitally rendered), while others have broken free and are more blog-like. Whatever the format, they are providing faster, cheaper and more user-friendly content than their print counterparts. The trend is likely to continue as costs for everything but Web space go up.

Further Resources

Switch from Print to Web: Where to Start?
A guide to making the transition from print format to the Internet.

No Magazines Have to Die
An article that includes strategies for print magazines that are transitioning to digital.

Print and Digital – The Future of Magazine Advertising
A great article that covers the future of magazines from an advertising standpoint.

4. More Collaborative And Real-Time Content

Submitted on Twitter by @wakeupstar.

The Man Who Painted Agnieszka's Shoes

The Web has long been used by people to collaborate on projects with colleagues or clients who are not geographically close enough for a face-to-face meeting. But recently social media has made a whole new level of collaboration possible. Writing projects are particularly popular and seem to do well across a variety of platforms. Twitter novels and stories have been co-written (Neil Gaiman was recently involved in a collaborative story project with BBC Audio Books and hundreds of Twitter users). Novels have been written entirely on Facebook, with input from readers on the work in progress (e.g. The Man Who Painted Agnieszka’s Shoes by Dan Holloway). Even textbooks have been written by collaboration (see Wikibooks).

As broadband Internet becomes more widely available worldwide, collaborative projects will only get bigger and more frequent. Real-time updates and interaction make it possible to work on practically anything in a collaborative environment. Some projects will consist of small groups of people who already know each other, while other projects will bring together hundreds or even thousands of participants who were till then strangers. There’s really no limit to how many people could participate.

Stixy

Technology that allows collaboration has been around for years. File sharing has almost always been a part of the Web, though new tools make it easier and more efficient. Services such as Zoho and Google Docs allow writers to collaborate on a single document, tracking changes by each participant and allowing others to revert to earlier versions if necessary. Other services let users communicated in real time through video or audio chats in a collaborative workspace. Improvements to these technologies are likely to continue, and new technologies developed.

Collaborative Apps

The following are some collaborative apps that might indicate where online collaboration is headed.

Wridea is an “idea management” service that includes collaborative brainstorming tools.

Writeboard, from 37Signals, is a collaborative writing app.

Twiddla is a Web-based collaboration tool that lets users mark up pretty much anything online as well as work on a group whiteboard-like space.

Spicebird is a collaboration platform that includes instant messaging, a group calendar and email functionality.

Stixy is a collaboration space that lets you share photos, notes, documents, to-dos and more.

Edmodo is a collaboration tool for teachers and students.

5. More Semantic Content And Apps That Exploit Them

Theories and suggestions have been made for ages on how to make the Web more semantic: everything from creating artificial-intelligence apps that interpret data much like humans do, to more semantic tagging conventions that make it possible for current online apps and services to make sense of what code means to humans. So far, though, no one has even come up with an authoritative definition of what the semantic Web actually is. But even with the semantic waters as murky as they are, people are developing programs and services that work more intuitively and make it easier for average Internet users to find what they’re looking for.

Microsoft’s Bing search engine is one of the first truly mainstream apps that aims to help people find what they’re looking for, even going so far as to help them make decisions. While there’s still plenty of room for additional features and improvement of functionality, Bing has helped to bring semantic search options to the mainstream Internet user.

Semantic tagging and coding conventions are probably the most likely to gain serious traction in the next few years. Many Web designers are already using semantic labels in their code. This makes sense on several levels: it makes it easier for current and future Web apps to figure out what is being displayed on a page, and it makes it easier for designers and programmers to make changes to code without having to leave copious comments explaining what the different parts of the code do.

Further Resources

Semantic Code: What? Why? How?
An excellent article from Boagworld on the importance of semantic coding.

Semantic Web
Wikipedia’s entry on the semantic Web.

The Semantic Web
An older article from Scientific American on the future of the semantic Web.

Semantic Web Road Map
The official road map from the W3C.

6. Augmented Reality In Mobile Web Applications

Given that most mobile devices now have built-in digital cameras (some with video capability), people would naturally now want functionality beyond simple photography. Augmented reality applications can have a range of potential benefits, from making it easier to find your way if you get lost to letting you identify the person sitting across from you at a party.

layar

That last example has many security and privacy experts worried. Facial recognition software is improving all the time, and pretty soon using an augmented reality program on your mobile phone to find out who a person is might be possible. You’d just snap a picture of them, and the app would cross-reference it with social networking profiles and photos across the Web, eventually coming across a match. From there, you could see whatever information the person had chosen to make public about him or herself.

wikitude

While many people still see augmented reality as the stuff of science fiction, the truth is that at least rudimentary apps are already available. Layar, a free augmented reality app, is available for both the iPhone and Android-based phones. It uses layers provided by a variety of content providers such as Flickr, Wikipedia and Twitter to display an overlay of information on your mobile screen. Other apps will likely follow.

Further Resources

Augmented Reality
Wikipedia’s entry on augmented reality.

How Augmented Reality Will Work
An overview from HowStuffWorks.

Layar Brings Augmented Reality to the iPhone
Coverage from TechCrunch on Layar’s move to the iPhone.

Augmented Reality: A New Way of Seeing
An older article from Scientific American about augmented reality.

7. Better Adoption Of Web Standards

With more and more users accessing the Web from mobile browsers and browsers other than Internet Explorer, Web standards are only going to become more important. Standards-compliant design has already become much more mainstream and been adopted by many (if not most) designers. Great strides are being made across most browser platforms in complying with the standards set by the W3C. Standards-based design will have to be adopted in coming years.

8. Better Web Security Against Phishing, Scams and Spam

web security
Image source

Web security is a constant concern for website providers. From scammers posing as legitimate buyers, to con artists sending out emails posing as legitimate businesses to capture customer information, to spammers sending out unsolicited commercial email, Internet users are bombarded daily by people who want to use their personal information against them.

Individual websites, Web hosts, payment processors and others involved in online transactions are constantly making security improvements. With greater consumer awareness of how to identify phishing schemes and other scams, the majority of these issues will no longer be a concern in the next few years. Of course, that isn’t to say that other tactics won’t replace them.

Further Resources

The Web Standards Project
A grassroots group that promotes the adoption and development of Web standards.

Confronting the Future of Web Standards
An article covering both the history and future of Web standards.

W3C Standards
The official Web standards section of w3.org.

Web Standards
Wikipedia’s Web standards entry.

Web Standards Group
The W3C’s Web Standards Group.

9. Even More Social Apps

Social media isn’t going anywhere. While some people believe social media has gone about as far as it can go, others believe it’s still in its infancy. I think there’s still plenty of room for new apps, new platforms and new ideas in the world of social media. One area ripe for improvement and wider adoption is virtual worlds. Today’s kids have been using virtual worlds since they were toddlers (think Webkinz and Club Penguin), so they’ll likely want to continue using them as teenagers and adults. Plus, with advances in virtual reality on the verge of major breakthroughs, virtual worlds could come to the forefront of social media.

opensocial

Another area ripe for expansion and improvement is content aggregation. While some services out there will aggregate a user’s activity across multiple social networks and websites, most still have a lot of room for improvement. Eventually, services not only will aggregate a user’s activity across all of the websites they participate in, but will also present that information usefully to their followers.

ning

Niche social networks will also continue to grow. Social networks exist for practically every niche, and this will not go away. Services such as Ning and platforms like Elgg make it easy for non-programmers to set up their own social networks quickly and easily. Many corporations, organizations and groups are setting up social networks for their customers and members. While some have been great successes, attracting thousands of users, others have quickly died and been replaced either by other niche networks or by groups on mainstream general-purpose websites.

Further Resources

Elgg
An open-source social networking engine.

BuddyPress
A set of plug-ins that turns WordPress MU into a social network.

Lovd By Less
An open-source social networking platform.

Ning
Offers free hosted social networks.

OpenSocial
Google’s OpenSocial social network applications platform.

The Social Future for Web 2.0/Web 3.0
A series of predictions on social technologies.

10. More High-Quality Online “TV” Programs

Dr. Horrible’s Sing-Along Blog can be credited with bringing quality online programming to the mainstream. While plenty of great Internet programs existed prior to that, Dr. Horrible quickly gained a cult following and made the transition to mainstream media. The fact that Joss Whedon, Neil Patrick Harris and Nathan Fillion were involved played no small part in the show’s success, but it paved the way for lesser-known directors, actors, writers and producers to gain large online viewerships.

Dr. Horrible

Since Dr. Horrible, a number of other online series and programs have gained wide viewership. Webisodes (which are usually mini-episodes of popular TV shows that are aired exclusively online) have also grown in popularity. While online fictional video is still in its infancy, several informative video blogs have been in production for a while, like TreeHugger TV and CNET TV. One of the more popular amateur fictional programs is Star Trek New Voyages, based on the original Star Trek series.

With video technology becoming increasingly cheaper and easier to use, and broadband Internet access becoming more widespread, high-quality Internet-only programs will become only more prevalent in the future.

Further Resources

Jeff’s Guide to “TV Shows Online Available on the Internet”
This website gives an alphabetical listing of online programming.

Hulu
Offers regular and online-only programming. Hulu is where Dr. Horrible was first aired.

13 Places to Watch TV Online for Free
A list of websites that offer free TV shows.

How to Create a Webisode
A tutorial from eHow.

Webisodes – The Future of Entertainment
A great overview of webisodes and how they got started.

11. Web Apps Play A Bigger Role In Daily Life

Submitted on Twitter by @dougoftheabaci.

Web applications already play a big role in the daily lives of many people. But as more apps become available online and traditional software moves to online-enhanced or online-only models (as some programs are already starting to do), more users will turn to Web applications almost exclusively.

smartphone

One major factor driving this trend is broad mobile Web access. Being able to access important documents or perform tasks on business applications from anywhere is a huge advantage to many users. A lot of opportunities are opening up for mobile workers, who will no longer be tied to a single location, or even a single computer.

Of course, there are potential drawbacks to using Web apps exclusively. There have already been cases of Web apps or services crashing and losing customer data. Website downtime is another critical factor that can have a huge impact on productivity if offline backups aren’t available. Until these hurdles are overcome, Web-based applications will continue to face resistance for critical functions.

Further Resources

Envisioning the Future of Web Apps
A video from CNET on the future of Web applications built on HTML 5 and micro-payments.

The Future of Web Apps: 7 Things Companies Must Do to Succeed
A post from Mashable on the steps that companies need to take to create useful Web applications.

Future Of Web Apps
The official page of the Future Of Web Apps (FOWA) conference from Carsonified.

12. Search Engine Optimization Will Be Less Important

Submitted on Twitter by @seokai.

Search engine optimization may become less important in the future as Internet users rely more on recommendations and social media to find information. Already, people are asking questions on Twitter and Facebook instead of Google. This means that high-quality content and usability will become ever more important, because users are more likely to recommend a website if they have found it easy to use and useful. Also, search engines themselves will be smarter, meaning they’ll be able to better discern a Web page’s usefulness to a particular user.

13. Your OS Will Be Online

Submitted on Twitter by @dahquium.

While your computer will still store some files, the future of the operating system will increasingly rely on Web-based files. In other words, without an Internet connection, your computer’s functionality will be severely limited.

Jolicloud

Google’s Chrome OS seems to be the first serious contender in this arena. Jolicloud is another Web-based OS, developed specifically for netbooks. Both operating systems seem to be aiming specifically at netbooks, where their benefits would be most obvious. For regular laptops and desktop computers, expect the Web-based OS to take a bit longer, mainly because users tend to run more robust apps on them, like Photoshop and Dreamweaver, which will take a bit longer to make fully Web-based.

Further Resources

Web operating system
Wikipedia’s page covering Web-based operating systems.

7 Interesting Web Operating System Applications
An overview of seven Web OS options.

eyeos
A “cloud computing operating system.”

Cloudo
Another Web-based operating system.

14. Customized User Interfaces

Submitted on Twitter by @verseijden.

As Web apps become more integrated in our daily lives, customized user interfaces will surely follow. Being able to tailor the user experience to one’s preferences is a huge plus for many Internet users. And some websites already let you make customizations to the information you see, how you see it and even how you interact with it.

Plug-ins are already being used by programmers to customize the interface of many websites they use regularly. Greasemonkey for Firefox (and some other browsers) is one such plug-in that lets you customize the functionality and appearance of many Web apps and sites.

15. The Web Will Be The Center Of Information And Content Distribution

Submitted on Twitter by @cmachanic.

This, to a large extent, is already coming true. The Web has almost always been a major distribution point for information. But this will only grow in future. Publishers, media producers and other content creators are already turning to the Web to get their products out to a bigger audience. Within the next few years, the Web may fully replace more established methods of content delivery.

newspaper

Newspapers and magazines will likely be the first media replaced by the Web. Not far behind will be TV and movies. The movie theater probably won’t be entirely replaced by the Web for a very long time, but more people will certainly be renting and buying movies online rather than on DVDs and other physical media.

Books are a different story; they have sentimental value. From a practical standpoint, e-paper (like that used in the Kindle and other e-readers) is not really much different than real paper. But from a psychological standpoint, the difference is too much for many book-lovers to overcome. Of course, that won’t prevent the Internet from playing an ever-larger role in book distribution. The e-book market will continue to grow for the next few years, as younger readers opt for them over paper books. Paper versions of favorite titles might be purchased as collector’s editions, with e-books purchased for daily reading material.

This migration to the Internet will profoundly affect how media is produced and consumed. Media will become more interactive and collaborative, and because of the lower barrier to entry, new players will participate in virtually every method of content production and distribution. The shake-up will affect much more than just the way information is disseminated.

Further Resources

Who Killed the Newspaper?
A slightly older article from The Economist on the decline of the newspaper industry.

Do Newspapers Have a Future?
Another older article on the decline of the newspaper industry, this one from Time magazine.

Are Magazines Doomed, Too?
A post from BuzzMachine about the future of magazine publishing.

The Future of Magazines, Possibly
Gawker’s look at the future of the magazine industry.

The Future of Television
An article from Forbes on the future of TV.

Is the Future of TV on the Web?
An article from CNN about the future of television.

How Netflix is Changing the Future of Movies
A great post about how Netflix and similar Internet-based on-demand movie services are changing the way movies are being distributed.

Movies Online: The Future is (Almost) Here
A Salon.com article about the future of the movie industry in relation to online distribution.

Google & the Future of Books
An article about Google’s foray into book publishing, from The New York Review of Books.

Crystal Kindles: What Does 2010 Hold in Store for the Literary World?
A more near-sighted look at what the future holds for the publishing world.

(al)

About the Author

Cameron Chapman is a professional Web and graphic designer with many years of experience. She writes for a number of blogs, including her own, Cameron Chapman On Writing. She’s also the author of Internet Famous: A Practical Guide to Becoming an Online Celebrity.

Comments and Discussions
  • Daniel, 03 November 2009

    the web will be another window in your online operating system ;)

    • Yi, 06 November 2009

      What?

    • maximo, 08 November 2009

      bwahahaha!! =p

  • Jordan Moore, 03 November 2009

    A: Still creating fixes IE6.

    • Chirag, 03 November 2009

      heh! :P

      • asael2, 03 November 2009

        ough!! there´ll be paid mercenaries, destroying machines that keeps using IE6 or simils.

      • shit, 04 November 2009

        Shit happens

      • Tristan Seifert, 10 November 2009

        Ooh yeah! Sucks to be a Windows Machine owner now… I switched to mac and LOVE it!

  • Martin LeBlanc Eigtved, 03 November 2009

    Also happening in the future: more and more personalization of the websites.

  • Lukelux, 03 November 2009

    It’s a great post, so inspirational.
    Thanks to share it!

  • Per Olsson, 03 November 2009

    #5, I agree that this is the future since we are going to need machines to filter for us, even though it will probably be people out there that will cheat with semantic attributes to gain more visitors/readers.

    Great list!

    • ralphie, 27 January 2010

      unless the visitors/readers contribute those semantic attributes in some way.

  • Jiri Jerabek, 03 November 2009

    Well hopefully in next 5 years the designers will think not only about new features, but about improving visual communication on web, user experience and human information interaction as well. That’s what I’d like to see in next 5 years.

  • DlibrarieD, 03 November 2009

    Great research.#13 is a must. All that memory sticks, external HDD, file synch, install/uninstall will go.
    Thanks for sharing!

    • Justin, 06 November 2009

      Thats absurd.

  • VideoAFX, 03 November 2009

    It hurts to think that SEO will become obsolete…

    • @seokai, 06 November 2009

      SEO will not become obsolete!
      SEO will become less important, because search engines improve their semantic recognition and hopefully will understand what users really want and especially what websites can deliver and what not.
      By that, I hope manipulation will be harder or even impossible in the future.
      It will be more effective and cheaper to deliver a good product or a high quality website than manipulating Google, to think you have one ;o)

    • SEOHATER, 06 November 2009

      No it doesn’t, the SEO industry has been conning people out of money, for no good reason, for years.

      • Christopher, 15 December 2009

        @SEOHATER Conned? Really? That’s harsh. Maybe you’ve been sold a bill of goods or have been burned in the past, and for that I’m sorry. But for those of us out here teaching people the techniques to build a high quality content site that the search engines love, you’re comment just proves that there’s a long way to go in educating.

        I will agree with your implication that there are many people out there “selling dreams” based on the myth of buying your way to the top. That part I’ll be glad to see go.

        @seokai I agree with your comments that search engines will be able to provide what the users want, and more difficult to manipulate Google. I think we see that happening already (bush complete failure anyone?).

        The one additional comment I’d like to add is to your cost comment. The cost of creating a Web site today is actually pretty inexpensive. Many tools are free or low cost; if the content is self-created than a person pays for it with only their time.

        I don’t see how it can get much cheaper than that.

      • Chotrul, 21 December 2009

        I don’t see that SEO will become massively less important. The SEO industry is heavily involved in social media and networking, as these are just as amendable to being used effectively (ie, SEO’d) as the search engines are. Whatever mediums are out there, you can use them more or less effectively. SEO is just there to help you.

  • Aidan, 03 November 2009

    There will be no IE!

    • Joe, 03 November 2009

      God willing…

    • Robin, 03 November 2009

      Praise the lord for your reply.

      How about this: we (webdesigners/developers) all stop being so hungry for more clients/money.
      After we accomplished that we could reject clients who ask for IE6 compatibility more easily!
      If we all reject these clients, they have no one to go to and eventually won’t ask for IE6 compatibility anymore! We won!

      So much for my dreaming.. More ontopic now:
      This is really a great article with interesting references.

      • Scott, 03 March 2010

        I already do this. I deny any requests for IE6.

  • STINGER_LP, 03 November 2009

    I don’t think that search engines will become a secondary source of the “actual content search”. Social media can’t give that speed of getting the result for your search query, and not that relevant. For me personally, i don’t trust “someone’s opinion” on twitter or elsewhere rather that Google’s search results.

    Otherwise, i agree, especially about supplanting of newspapers by the web-news-services.

  • Anna, 03 November 2009

    «in 5 years»? »»next year«« would be more accurate! ;)

    • DlibrarieD, 03 November 2009

      Agree! )

      • Bryan, 05 November 2009

        Agree too :)

      • Lars Tong Strömberg, 23 December 2009

        Good point. Yes, I didn´t think of these as 5 years off either.

  • nathan, 03 November 2009

    some exciting stuff then… . .. ..

    ever wish you lived the same years as winston churchill? he went from horse and cart to man on the moon in a life time.

    but ya, horizontal scrolling sounds ace

  • kilinkis, 03 November 2009

    veeeeery nice post!

  • ArcaneRaven, 03 November 2009

    Possibly, but web will focus on acces, especially access to information. The quicker the search engine, the preciser the better.

  • Can Berkol, 03 November 2009

    …desktop will organically merge into web. great article!

  • Agustin, 03 November 2009

    Most of the above could be considered CLOUD
    I see these predictions happening in 2 years, in 5 years everything will be mobile, considering that next year we will see smart phones with huge processors (1 G.Hertz )and pretty decent graphic cards with oled screens… Again we will see an information integration trend that has already begun…

  • AtiKuSDesign, 03 November 2009

    This is all great stuff.

    I think our brand new search department would disagree with the ‘less important SEO’ category but I actually agree with you on that one.

    Will be interesting to see how many of these actually succeed. I think augmented reality is a massive fad at the moment with no real practical use. I’d love to see a use that actually improves on the way we do things now but I don’t think there are any yet.

    • Mark, 03 November 2009

      SEO will become less important as soon as Google goes live with Caffeine – in the next month hopefully.

      I can’t wait to see the killer app for augmented reality either.

      • Ali, 05 November 2009

        Yea, look at Layar. In the US are some apps which shows you the right way in the subway to find the right directions. There ARE already very good AR apps…

        greetz

      • @seokai, 06 November 2009

        Caffeine is live already ;o)

  • CreateAdrew, 03 November 2009

    The elderly may see things differently and there is a lot of old people out there.

    • Harpsound, 04 November 2009

      Wonderful look to the future.

      The future is not for the elderly.
      As a demographic they stop spending on “stuff” and spend more on analogue social and health needs.

      IMHO 30% will adopt some form of this future
      30% will kind of understand it
      30% will ignore it

      This is not much different to the 30-60 age bracket except these folk will gradually shift viewpoint up the scale – the elderly will stay fixed in their respective brackets.

      If you look at my math I missed 10% – the disenfranchised – those that are blocked from access – the underclass – the homeless.
      I think this bracket is going to grow across the board.
      I tried sleeping in a car for 3 days in Seattle last month – the existence at that level is very fragile and requires the goodwill of strangers to survive.
      I believe this group is growing and will include dropouts from all the 3 categories mentioned above

      S

      • Joey1058, 07 November 2009

        Interesting percentage. However of your 10%, I’d guess that 6% of those will still have some kind of mobile device. A picture circulated recently of a soup kitchen in Chicago(?) of a homeless person taking a pic of Mrs. Obama serving him. People fall through the cracks because they WANT to fall through the cracks.

  • Codemaster Snake, 03 November 2009

    point #12 is pointless… Google is and will continue to be the best information search provider.

    Maybe what we can see is, interaction with computers will become more natural. NLP is going to play a huge role in that.

  • Dibakar Jana, 03 November 2009

    Thanks a lot for this great article!! And The web design trends are changing very fast these days.

  • Michael Parr, 03 November 2009

    Very interesting stuff going on here…. I would like to see which one will pan out in the near future!

    ~ Michael

  • thivy, 03 November 2009

    hi i saw the Customized User Interfaces topic in this post.. one of my project at Auckland University was to build a layout manager which supports end-user customization. this is the official website http://genoupe.se.auckland.ac.nz/aimf/

  • Jared Spurbeck, 03 November 2009

    I think one of the biggest factors in the web becoming more secure is going to be the gradual phasing out of Microsoft Windows. The fewer people are using it, the fewer people are being affected by its security holes, or having their PCs turned into botnet nodes!

    I’m serious. >.>

  • Mark Fulton, 03 November 2009

    Nice post. Going to chime in and agree with some previous comments.

    There will always be a place for SEO… even though it will be organic, people still need to know about creating quality content and networking if anything.

    I think your prediction of 5 years for these changes is modest. My guess is that many of these will be standard in 2010.

  • Jonk, 03 November 2009

    I can recommend icloud.com as the most serious web operating system out there today.

  • Martin, 03 November 2009

    Our daily lives are already so soaked in the web, that these changes will come without us even noticing.

    However I do think that socialization has a limit – you do NOT want to be overwhelmed with all sorts of useless social gibberish.

    That is why I believe that there will be a huge demand for services that help you filter all the garbage and provide you with quality information.

  • Briznye, 03 November 2009

    Personally, search optimization has already waned greatly in its usefulness. I find Twitter searches a lot more vibrant.

  • web design services stoke, 03 November 2009

    Nice article. Most of it is the obvious growth of what we already have. Its all about what we dont know.

  • Nicole Foster, 03 November 2009

    I think Web Design will be easier to do in 5 years. If we continue raising standards, and making code more browser compatible. Also, with Adobe already talking about CS5, maybe Graphic Design will change, and be easier as well. Who knows what could happen, but I’m excited.

    • Duncan MacDonald, 06 November 2009

      Not sure what you mean here, but how would Adobe CS5 ‘change’ graphic design, or make it easier? I don’t see what’s so hard about it, unless you’ve never studied it, or are a developer trying to pass yourself off as a designer…

  • Gabriel, 03 November 2009

    Oops very good !

  • Igor Saraiva, 03 November 2009

    Very interesting!!!

  • Web Ideas, 03 November 2009

    The future looks like an evil ;)

  • Puneet Sakhuja, 03 November 2009

    Very nice article.
    It actually hurts to know the importance of SEO will be less in the next 5 years, as Video AFX stated.

    The article gives us a fairly good guidance about what direction we (web designers) should head to!

    • Chris, 15 December 2009

      Yep. If you don’t improve and continuously add to your skills, you’ll be out of a job! ;-)

  • Rajnish, 03 November 2009

    thanks for sharing stuff..

    we can more add into design trends, user habits, experience,
    user believe kind of this.

  • Onthebuzz, 04 November 2009

    A noteworthy and interesting read on the future web. Spam annihilation will be grand. Kudos

  • Zoe, 04 November 2009

    Very nice article. I can tell you did lots of research.
    Thanks.

  • Niubi, 04 November 2009

    Lots of food for thought there. It’s true that the internet is developing in ways that we would never have thought possible even 5 years ago. I’m wondering if even this article is over cautious in estimating the speed of development. Only one way to find out, I guess! BTW: I think that http://www.dubli.com is going to explode in popularity. Online shopping is one of the key areas of market expansion

  • Vince, 04 November 2009

    HTML 5

  • Tutorijali HDonWEB, 04 November 2009

    Very nice and iteresting post

  • Margo Gremmler, 04 November 2009

    Let’s not forget Google Wave under #4: Collaborative and Real-Time Content. Many of us are previewing it now, and it’s looking mighty nice: http://bit.ly/nJuXH
    From what I’ve heard, Wave should be available to the public next year.

    I agree also that the apps/technologies listed here will be introduced within the next two years – but maybe your point was that they’d be in widespread use within five years. (That’s my guess.)

  • Glenn, 04 November 2009

    Not only will there be more collaborative and real-time content because of the introduction of new apps but also because it will become really easy to embed collaboration into old apps. That is why Google Wave ( see http://www.dynamicalsoftware.com/news/?p=51 ) is an important innovation in terms of trend spotting.

  • BebopDesigner, 04 November 2009

    Wow! I’m really blown away with this excellent article.

    I do think that we’re pioneers enjoying a very early stage of web communications and commerce, and that, apart from being an opportunity is a privilege.

    Thanks for posting, I really enjoyed reading this.

  • justintime, 04 November 2009

    pleaaaaassseee no more #9….no, really…really, no more.
    Just say not those jobs.

  • Webmisstress Anne, 04 November 2009

    Great post – impressive list and beautifully thought out. My biggest fear is No. 13: “Your OS will be online”. I hate the idea of losing all key functionality, files, ability to update and so on WITHOUT an always on connection. That means then, that I and my work are slaves to somebody elses server or resources. If they go down, or decide to flick the switch on me, then a nightmare scenario ensues…!

    • Gabriel, 04 November 2009

      The future looks like an eagle.

    • Beto, 07 November 2009

      Agreed. I feel there is too much hype around the “Web OS” concept. It probably won’t be an issue in Silicon Valley, where even your daily Starbucks Venti latte cup comes with built-in, always-on high speed Wi-Fi, but try pulling out that one in a place like rural Montana… or most any third world country for that matter. Tough luck. It will probably take decades before broadband access worldwide becomes as ubiquitous as electricity is these days…

  • OD, 04 November 2009

    expect also Identity 2.0

  • Triers, 04 November 2009

    #2 Wider Screen Size

    Yes, it a good point:

    http://www.w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_display.asp

    but remember there will be still need of mobile versions for the sites when browsing with handhelds

  • Ahmad Barirani, 04 November 2009

    Great article and synthesis of important themes becoming increasingly important on the web.

  • muth_u2001, 04 November 2009

    That IS . . .awesome!

  • psdmedia, 05 November 2009

    Don´t forget: Touch screen in everywhere

  • Adrian Trimble, 05 November 2009

    I think this article raises some interesting points but there are a few things I think many people would disagree on. 

    First, search engines will continue to be important. SEO will continue to become less important as search engines get smarter, but I think that a lot of people will still Google something rather than asking it on a service like Twitter.  I for one am much more likely to trust an answer I find through Google than an answer someone gives me on Twitter. 

    Secondly, I think that people will still have a lot of applications on their computers. Although more services will be moved online, intensive applications like Photoshop just won’t work if they are completely online. Although I can imagine applications like Photoshop integrating more easily with online services, I can’t see the application itself actually being in the cloud for a long time. Broadband speeds aren’t anywhere near fast enough for that to happen yet. 

    I probably sound like a real pessimist now, but I’m still really excited for what the future of the web has to bring!

  • Don, 05 November 2009

    Do you mind if i translate this post in dutch for my own website? I’ll put this website and the author in the credits!Really Really great post

  • Shamim Ahmed, 05 November 2009

    good article.

  • scott w. gray, 05 November 2009

    A very detailed post and a lot to think about. There’s a consistency in these predictions that (I think) makes them seem plausible, all around the speed, fluidity and breadth of the web in our daily lives.

    I put up a post with a brief summary of your article, on my blog. You can see it here:

    http://www.faunacorporation.com/?p=49

    I just thought I’d mention that. Otherwise, I’ll be returning to really drill into these examples. Frankly, I really like that you included counter-arguments (such as the case against micro-payments) as it helps build context for the ideas.

    Thanks, and keep up the great work.
    ~s.

  • Sumeet Chawla, 05 November 2009

    Awesome post.. Though that “Your OS will be online” point scared me lol.. If internet is not accessible, one won’t be able to use the computer even :P

  • Sonja Major, 05 November 2009

    The Semantic Web (prediction #5) is a critical evolutionary requirement for the Web. Bringing “meaning” and “understanding” to content is the only way to enable many of the other predictions outlined in this posting.

    Microsoft’s Bing may be a step in the right direction, but there are other “cutting edge” semantic technologies which seem even farther ahead: Cognition Technologies and Hakia to name probably the two most exciting companies. (And word on the street is that Cognition is being evaluated for inclusion into Bing… which would be really smart).

    Surprisingly, Google seems to be absent from this process. I guess they think that statistics and math can solve the “content understanding” problem. However, they would be wrong…

  • Bodgan Pop, 06 November 2009

    2. Wider Monitors For More Horizontal-Scrolling Content
    Here’s a showcase of 25 horizontal scrolling websites: http://www.webia.info/showcase/showcase-of-beautiful-horizontal-scrolling-websites/

    • Christopher, 15 December 2009

      While I love wide scrolling Web sites I believe there are a couple of problems that wide sites cause.

      1). Viewing these sites on a laptop.

      If I recall, a 15″ screen as standard (maybe 13″?). That’s just not a lot if real estate to be playing with, plus until all notebooks are equipped with “swiping” capabilities, these can be a complete pain in the posterior to navigate.

      2). Viewing these sites on a mobil device.

      See #1 and multiply the problem.

      I do know this. Technology will always (usually) find a solution to what ever is the problem.

  • Varloo Design, 07 November 2009

    Not sure that this is a list of any new predictions, as I was hoping. Basically, the things that are working- will continue to grow. I love Noupe, so I’m not trying to be a jerk.

  • Joey1058, 07 November 2009

    I like the way you present the concept of micropayments. With a cloud economy, micropayments are almost mandatory. This will help third world populations immensely. Your phone becomes your wallet/bank/debit card. Design the infrastructure for micropayments just right, and your World of Warcraft gold pays for your McDonalds lunch. In real time! Okay, maybe UTC. The O’Reilly article against micropayments is almost 10 years out of date. So the negative aspects are almost non existant!

    Good article!

  • anisha, 08 November 2009

    thanks for a nice round up :-)

  • Chris Mohritz, 08 November 2009

    Great info.

  • robb, 08 November 2009

    i can’t really see the point of online OS any time soon.
    unless there are groundbreaking technology in computer security.
    while other points are very interesting.

  • Thomas Rosenmayr, 09 November 2009

    Thanks for the insightful thoughts! I wanted to add for #2 wider monitors for more horizontal scrolling will interfere with the trend to surf via mobile devices.

    Maybe websites will attach different on your mobile?

  • RM - InBoundMarketingPR, 11 November 2009

    Excellent article… I love # 11 and # 15… More mobile development makes sense and I love that all content will be online. The billions of people that are online is a perfect example of why all content will be seen and distributed online!

    Many great points! Thanks for sharing!

  • sameer, 13 November 2009

    Nice article, but nothing new. The next good innovation will come from a completely different plane. All the above are evolutionary trends.

  • @ereteog, 28 November 2009

    It’s a nice post, but I think some of these predictions are already real. Anyway, it’s very complicated to predict the future :)
    I tried to present trends that can impact the future of the web in a course to help my students in a course about social medias to capture important signals:
    http://www.slideshare.net/ereteog/trends-for-the-future-of-the-web ( I have to admit that it is highly influenced by my semantic web background ;) )

    regards.

    Guillaume ereteo

  • kranthi, 15 December 2009

    verry good and useful information

  • blog, 29 December 2009

    blogging will be the way of the future

  • SOS Media Web Design, 19 January 2010

    Great article. Makes me think how I can help create the future of the web.

  • Johannes, 02 March 2010

    Win Web 3.0 – the book! All you have to do is to send in a good post about the Web 3.0 and why everyone becomes a media entrepreneur, and get published on sophotec.com. Check it out here: klatcher.com/sophotec/blog/Win_a_Web_3_0_book_

  • Dharmang, 27 April 2010

    how about web apps for enterprise? More and more document management and collaboration apps coming up what do you think about that?

  • Bill Cartauld, 04 June 2010

    1. Video conferencing will look like the way its done in the news — with fancy borders.
    2. Internet TV(s) will hotlink advertisements to websites where you can make a purchase, and movie trailers will link to VOD.

  • John, 09 June 2010

    Ah, the online “cloud” OS, where you are required to pay a subscription to the Internet to access your files and then another to store your files or “rent” your OS. Sorry, I’ll be sticking client side and not handing over my computing experience to a monthly fee. Doesn’t mean I won’t be in the cloud, but I’m not giving up my client side processing just to store my files on some corporations servers. You know what the “cloud” is? Residual income for MS, Apple, AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, etc.etc.

  • bledi kraj, 11 June 2010

    all that was mentioned in this page was current activities, nothing about possible future developments

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  • Stephan Coneway, 23 September 2010

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    With your permission I’ll use it on my blog.

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  • Floor Nailer, 16 December 2010

    Interesting ideas. It’s amazing how quickly things change with technology. Just the other day I was thinking what did I ever do before I had internet on my phone? Keep the articles coming….

  • Hi, just wandered by. I have a Montana 4g website. Can’t believe the amount of information out there. Not quite what I was looking for, but good site. Cya later.

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  • Tv Shows, 22 April 2011

    Ah, the online “cloud” OS, where you are required to pay a subscription to the Internet to access your files and then another to store your files or “rent” your OS. Sorry, I’ll be sticking client side and not handing over my computing experience to a monthly fee. Doesn’t mean I won’t be in the cloud, but I’m not giving up my client side processing just to store my files on some corporations servers. You know what the “cloud” is? Residual income for MS, Apple, AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, etc.etc

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  • ruvisol, 03 May 2011

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  • Sandie Kingsley, 19 May 2011

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  • Jamir Chia, 25 May 2011

    There is visibly a bunch to realize about this. I suppose you made some good points in features also.

  • Yuriy Guskov, 29 June 2011

    I guess these trends reflects more usability-oriented points which are important without doubt. But… Do they matter without content? Likely, do content matter without usability? The answer is in convergence of both content and usability. The answer is in semantic ecosystem, which will change not only Internet itself but the way we interact with computers. Think about precise search. Think about exact identification. Think about human-friendly and fine-grained semantics. The way we deal with user interface and even files are not ideal today until the moment we integrate semantics (namely integrate, not just using Semantic Web).

    If you are interested, you can find more on this:

    http://on-meaning.blogspot.com/2011/06/great-blunders-of-modern-it-and-their.html

  • Wei-Hsuan Chien, 06 April 2012

    The website is definitely evolving into a new era and technology is going to be more interactive. I this it will be very interesting to see how different website changes their functionality to adapt to all the new technology such as tablet PC, smart phone devices.

  • batmayan ?ort, 07 April 2012

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  • hal? saha, 09 May 2012

    Aw, this was a really quality post. In theory I’d like to write like this too – taking time and real effort to make a good article… but what can I say

  • mn9or, 29 May 2012

    One of the best article I have read about the Internet .

    Thank you :)

  • Drew Frey, 27 June 2012

    Great post Cameron!

    It’s fun to read over old posts and see how predictions like these played out. You hit the nail on the head with #9 – Even More Social Apps.

    It seems that niche social networks are popping up everyday and with sites like Buddypress and Ning, it’s pretty easy these days. In fact you don’t need much web development experience to get something up in running in under a day…even minutes!

    SocialEngine is another platform that helps people create great online communities about whatever interests them. Check them out at http://socialengine.com and see how they compare to a few of the others you mentioned.

    Hope all is well Cameron.

    -Drew
    Community Manager, SocialEngine

  • Arthor Wright, 27 November 2012

    Very good article. Well written with valuable insights. Have been following the topic of the web’s future, I think that all of the author’s points are valid and poignant. Aidee.

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