Design: What You Didn’t Know About the Color Red
There you are, in the first diaper you were put into, and look at the world. First, you only see black and white, and the world looks rather bleak. But, all of a sudden, there’s a colorful spot. You take a closer look, and you don’t know what to call it, but this first color you see is red.
There you are, in what might be the last diaper you were put into after your brain injury, which has lead to a wide loss of control, and look at the world. First, you only see black and white, and it seems like your thought that all the world had to offer was desolation was confirmed. But, all of a sudden, there’s a colorful spot. You take a closer look, and, you’re right, the color you see is red. You start getting better.
For Humans, Red is the Most Important Color in the Color Spectrum
Red is a color with essential significance for us humans. For both newborns and people recovering from a brain trauma, it is the first color they see after black and white. All other colors follow much later, in the order green, yellow, and blue. There’s no color that gets a remotely as strong reaction from humans as red.
Red has the longest wavelength of all colors. Visually, red objects appear to be closer than they really are. Thus, it is no surprise that red draws our attention towards itself first. That’s why red is used as a very effective traffic light signal for “stop” all around the world.
Psychologists found out that red is able to trigger our fight or flight reflex. This is one of our earliest evolutionary reactions, which allowed us to survive in highly dangerous situations. It is controlled fully independently from our mind, by our autonomous nervous system.
Use This Knowledge in Design
Well, doesn’t this seem familiar? It is no coincidence that the RGB color model, which we always use for work on screen is named after the primary colors red, green, and blue. The perception of primary colors affects the perception of the other color values based on them.
Red, green, and blue, but mainly red as a human’s entry ticket into color vision, play an important part in product design. This is not a mere question of psychology, but a solid psychological fact that is deeply rooted somewhere inside of us.
This connection is so stable, that you, as a designer, can burden it without any issues.